There are two methods of brooding chicks;
-Spot Brooding (canopy or radiant heaters, pots etc). The heat
source is local so chicks can move away to cooler areas and thus
select for themselves a preferred temperature.
– Whole-House Brooding. The heat source is larger and more
widely spread so chicks are less able to move to select a preferred temperature. Whole-house brooding refers to situations where the whole house or a defined part of the house is heated by a direct or indirect heat source and the aim is to achieve one temperature throughout the house or air space.
– No matter what brooding system is used, the objective is to encourage both feed intake and activity as early as possible.
Achieving the optimum temperature and relative humidity (RH) is critical because it is this that determines the chicks feather and general growth
For the first 7 days, provide 23 hours of light full light intensity and 1 hour of dark to help the chicks adapt to the new environment and encourage feed and water intake. Light can be got from electric bulbs, lanterns or solar bulbs.
During early brooding, if a brooding ring is used to control chick movement, the area contained by the brooding ring should gradually be expanded from 3 days of age and the rings removed completely by 5-7 days of age.