The first capital should be land, it should be enough to provide grass for the goats. For free-range grazing, 20 goats are good for an acre.
However, if it is zero-grazing, an acre can provide grass and feeds for 50 goats.
One needs money to stock up. Year-old good crosses cost sh150,000 to sh220,000. The total amount depends on numbers.
So, if one is starting with 10 goats, then at least have sh2.2m for the purchases. However, one can start with smaller numbers as they breed and multiply.
You need knowledge. One can get this by visiting other farmers and attending goat farming clinics. You can consult a visiting veterinary officer.
Market: They are not a big challenge, but one needs to know where you are selling your goats. Advertise your goats if you have the numbers.
Passion drives everything, love your goats passionately, and everything will be okay.
Get security to keep off thieves. You can fence using poles and non-barbed wire. Tagging the goats’ ears is also one way of dealing with thieves too.
You need workers on the farm, depending on numbers of goats. One worker paid an average of sh200,000 is good for 100 goats.
A typical yearly timetable for goat farmers include making sure that they are dewormed between March and May and September and November during the rainy seasons because they eat a lot of dirt.
The farm should have grass during the grass season. You can only ensure this by planting grass during the rainy season.
There should be a shelter for the goats.